Medical Physiology

Steve Tepper, PT, PhD, FAPTA

Course Description

System physiology will focus on nervous, musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, gastrointestinal, endocrine and integumentary. Each of these systems will be applied to prolonged bedrest/immobilization, changes with acute activity and the effects of chronic training. It is expected that the student will have a background in chemistry, biology and physiology, and it is intended that this knowledge base will be extended with physiological implications. While basic concepts will be emphasized, opportunities will be provided to extrapolate from this foundation to areas of interest and application to the occupational and physical therapy student.The laboratory component is designed to reinforce physiology lecture topics through practical application. Students will participate in laboratory experiments as clinicians and subjects. Instruction will be presented through lecture, demonstration, laboratory practice, and individual study of instructional materials.

Objectives

  • By the end of the course in Applied Human Physiology the student should be able to describe the mechanism of action and its clinical implication of the most homeostatic systems of the body as part of the foundational knowledge required to perform safe and competent skills as a clinician. (ILO-3; PLO-3)a. Objective 1:1 Describe the mechanism of action of the electrical and mechanical activities of the heart.b. Objective 1.2 Describe resistance and blood pressure regulation in the circulatory system.c. Objective 1.3 Describe the mechanism of ventilation of the lungs, transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide by the respiratory system.d. Objective 1: 4 Describe the mechanism of sensation and motor control of skeletal muscles by the somatic nervous system.

    e. Objective 1: 5 Describe the mechanism of hormonal control of metabolism and homeostasis by via the endocrine glands.

    f. Objective 1: 6 Explain the importance of the renal system for fluid volume control, its importance for blood pressure regulation and riding the body of toxic substances.

    g. Objective 1: 7 Explain the importance of the various types of connective tissue from blood, to fat, to connective tissue proper, to supporting connective tissue (e.g., cartilage and bone).

    h. Objective 1: 8 Explain the importance of the gastrointestinal system has on digestion, removal of microorganisms from food, absorption of foodstuffs/water/vitamins and the elimination of waste material.

    i. Objective 1: 9 Explain the basic types of epithelium with a focus on skin.

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